信号控制交叉口助动车 违章特征与影响因素分析

作者:欢乐彩票    来源:网络整理    发布时间:2021-12-22 15:18    浏览量:

文章编号: 1672-5328(2013)03-0083-08

王雪松1,许逸伦2,李伟楠1
(1.同济大学交通运输工程学院,上海201804;2. 北卡罗莱纳州立大学土木、建筑、环境工程系,美国北卡罗来纳州27695)

摘要: 为了对助动车的违章行为 提出改进措施,利用视频数据观测 了上海市12 个信号控制交叉口的 骑行类车辆行为。基于行为分析 方法对人-车-交通环境特征进行 编码,并利用Logit 模型分析了助 动车违章行为的影响因素。结果 显示,在信号周期较短、非机动车 流量较小、横向车流较稀疏或处于 违章待行状态时,助动车更易闯红 灯;在直行或非机动车道较窄时, 更易违章待行;在转弯、非机动车 道较窄或横向车流稀疏的情况下, 更易错用车道;在非机动车道较宽 时,更易逆行;燃油/燃气车辆、男 性骑车者更倾向于载人载物违 章。最后指出,应建立助动车骑车 者的安全意识、完善法律法规、提 升交通设施服务质量与交通管理 水平,以有效引导助动车向有利于 城市交通有序、安全方向发展。

关键词: 信号控制交叉口;助动车; 违章特征;行为分析方法;影响 因素

中图分类号:U491

文献标识码:A

Violation Characteristics of Moped Riders and Influential Factors at Signalized Intersections

Wang Xuesong1, Xu Yilun2, LiWeinan1
(1.School of Transportation Engineering of Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China; 2. Department of Civil, Construction, and Environment Engineering, North Carolina State University, NC 27695, USA)

Abstract: In order to propose effective countermeasures for moped violations, this paper investigates the moped riders’ behaviors through videotaping at 12 signalized intersections in Shanghai. The paper encodes the characteristics of riders, mopeds and traffic environment based on the behavioral analysis method and analyzes the factors affecting moped violation behaviors using the Logit model. The results show that 1) shorter cycle lengths, smaller non-motorized traffic volume and less conflicting traffic may increase the probability of moped red light running; 2) moped riders tend to wait improperly when the through lanes or the non-motorized lanes are narrow; 3) when the turning lanes or the non-motorized lanes are narrow or the conflicting traffic is light, the probability of mopeds using wrong lanes may increase; 4) broader non-motorized lanes may increase the probability of moped retrograde motion; and 5) fuel or gas vehicles and male riders increase the probability of moped overloading. Finally, the paper points out that safety consciousness for moped riders, traffic laws and rules, and traffic facilities should be improved to guide an ordered and safe urban transportation system.

Keywords: Keywords:signalized intersection; moped; violation characteristics; behavioral analysis method; influential factors

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